Uses of Adjectives

(Always remember: Very little Much less Very good much better)
(In comparative after than ‘any other + S.N’ or ‘all other + P.N’ is used)

Notes1: use of some and any
Some is used in affirmative sentences while any is used in negative sentences
Some and any both can be used in interrogative sentences.
I have any money. Use some instead of any
You have some books. Correct
You did not give me some book. Use any instead of some
There is not any milk in the container. Correct
Will you give me some book? Correct
Have you any sugar? Correct

Important notes:
No = not + any
Not + any and Not + a both are right
No a and No any both are wrong

I have no any book. Use not any
I have no money. Correct

Note2: use of ‘Much’ and ‘Many’
Much—-quantity
Many — number

In affirmative sentence Much/Many is not used before Object.

In place of ‘Many’ we use a great many of, a good many of, a great number of, a large number of, large numbers of and enough of
While in place of ‘Much’ we can use a great deal of, a good deal of, a large quantity of, plenty of, enough of, a lot of

I have much money. Use a lot of/plenty of instead of much
I know many athletics. Use a lot of/a large number of athletics
I wonder if he has much intelligence. Correct
I doubt if you have many trophies. Correct
Ask as many questions as you can. Correct
Eat as much pizza as you could. Correct
Don’t take too much tea. Correct
Much money is needed for a startup. Correct
Many students of our school are laborious. Correct

Important notes:
Whole is used before singular countable noun
Whole of is used before proper noun
For ex: The whole country
The whole of India
The whole city
The whole of Kanpur

Use of certain and a certain
A certain is used before Singular countable noun
Certain is used before Plural countable noun
For ex:
I met a certain boy today
Certain boys were going to school.

Important note:
Another = + used in affirmative sentence
Any other = – used in negative sentence
No other —- negative meaning (no other is not used with another negative words in a sentence)

Use of each and every
Each/Every —— Singular Countable noun
Each of ——- Plural Countable noun
Every is used after nearly, almost, practically, without exception
Every + Numerical adjective + plural noun
Each / Every is not used before ‘singular uncountable noun’.

Each of the boys has a book. Correct
Each boy has a book. Correct
Every student of this class is laborious. Correct
Each of the two students is laborious. Correct
He has read almost every story of the book. Correct
He has taken almost every step he had. Correct
Every three boys in this classroom are laborious. Correct

Either / Neither —- Singular countable noun
Either of / Neither of —– plural Countable noun
Either and Neither is not used before singular uncountable noun

Order of Numerical Adjectives
OC rule is follow
O stands for ordinal then we use C which stands for cardinal
After Comparative degree than is used, but some Latin adjectives like, junior, Senior, Inferior, Superior, Posterior, Prior, Anterior can be used as comparative degree and after these ‘To’ is used instead of ‘than’.

Elder—-comparative degree—-used for the same family
Older—-comparative degree—used for different family
Eldest—-superlative—–used for the same family
Oldest—–superlative
Elders are used as ‘senior people’ or ‘parents’
After older ‘than’ is used, but after elder ‘than’ is not used

His eldest daughter is Puja. Correct
Ajay is Vijay’s elder brother. Correct
He is elder than Vijay. Use older instead of elder
She is the oldest woman in the village. Correct
He is the eldest man in our colony. Use oldest instead of oldest
This is the oldest temple in the city. Correct
We must obey our elders. Correct

He was strong enough to win the match. Correct
He was enough strong to win the match. Wrong
I am tall enough to jump over the barrier. Correct
I am enough tall to jump over the barrier. Wrong
(Enough is not used before positive degree of adjective)
I prefer coffee than tea. Used to instead of than
Coffee is preferable to tea. Correct
Walking is preferable to running. Correct

More + Comparative = double comparative, which is not used
Most + Superlative = double superlative, which is not possible
He is more stronger than me. Remove more
He is stronger than me. Correct
She is the most wisest girl in our school. Remove most
She is the wisest girl in our school. Correct

More+Positive degree + than + Positive degree is used for comparing two properties of the same person or animal or thing.
She is more fat than tall. Correct ( fat and tall both are positive degree)
She is fatter than tall. Wrong (use more fat instead of fatter)
Ajay is more tall than handsome. Correct
Ajay is taller than handsome. Wrong

She is thinner than and as tall as Rahul. Correct
She is thinner than and as taller as Rahul. Wrong
He is becoming more and more handsome. Correct
He is becoming more intelligent and more handsome. Wrong

Important note:
Other is not used after superlative degree of adjective
She is the most beautiful of all other girls of our school. Remove other
He is the most intelligent of all students

Of / In is used after superlative degree.
‘In’ is used before——– (place or group or team)
‘Of’ is used before—— (Plural words Lot and bunch)
Who is the most beautiful woman in the world? Correct
Who is the most beautiful woman of the world? Wrong
He is the fastest bowler in the team. Correct
He is the fastest bowler of the team. Wrong
He is the most laborious of all his brothers. Correct
He is the most laborious in his classroom. Correct

She is more attractive of the two girls. Correct
She is more attractive than the two girls. Wrong
He is the taller of the two boys. Correct
He is the taller than the two boys. Wrong
He is one of the most talented men, if not the talented (man). Correct (Often Sing noun is hidden)
The climate of Mumbai is better than that of Delhi. Correct
The climate of Mumbai is better than Delhi. Wrong
The people of America are richer than those of Africa. Correct
Important notes: Very + comparative degree is not used
However to emphasis we can use much, far, very much, any, no, rather, a little even, are used before comparative degree
She is very more beautiful than her friend. Remove vey
He is very younger than his brother. Remove very
He is much younger than his brother. Correct
He is very much younger than his brother. Correct
He is far younger than hi s brother. Correct
Sanskrit is much more difficult than Hindi. Correct
Important notes: After, Three time, four tmes, ten times etc we can use comparative degree.
However, after Twice and half we can use comparative degree
I am ten times richer than he. Correct
He is three times more intelligent than I. Correct
He is half times more intelligent than I. Wrong
He is half as intelligent as I. Correct
He was twice older than I. Wrong
He was twice as old as his brother. Correct

She is more beautiful than any girl in the class. Use any other
Rahul, my elder brother is 5 feet and 10 inch high. Used tall instead of high
Ajay is stronger than tall. Use more strong instead of stronger
Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the wisest and honest leaders of India. Use most honest
Subhas Chandra Bose was the most unique leader of India. Remove most
He has finished reading a few books that he had. Use the instead of a
This computer course is more preferable to the other. Remove more
The boys were introduced to each other by a mutual friend. Use common instead of mutual
Some people still think that women are inferior than men. Use to instead of than
Firstly, I could not understand the meaning of the passage. Use At First instead of firstly
At first, I would like to introduce myself. Use firstly instead of at first
It’s an interesting book with too many short stories. Use a lot of instead of too
He is looking forward to seeing you nearest Sunday. Use next instead of nearest
We noticed that he had a couple of books too much. Use too many
I like these kinds of articles. Use this kind of articles
Of the two boys, he was certainly the most handsome. Use more instead of most
The Jagran has the largest circulation of any other daily newspaper in north India. Use all other instead of any other
I have still few rupees with me. Use a few instead of few
He is the most honest and wisest employee of our organization. Use wisest before most honest
I have been sick for a very long time. Use ill instead of sick
This new was published in the last issue or the Hindustan times. Use latest instead of last
She is the most excellent student of the class. Remove the most
Some boys are very coward. Use cowardly instead of coward
Both the students have not passed in their board exam. Use neither instead of both (because both negative sense me use nahi hoga)
He got only passing marks in Mathematics. Use ‘pass mark’ (because passing marks is a slang word)
There are so many filths all around the place. Wrong
There is so much filth all around the place. Correct
Have you read this book farther than I. use further instead of farther
Initially we planned to buy a 400cc bike but finally settled for a 200cc bike as the cost of the latter was very less. Use much instead of very (less is comparative of little)
(Very little much less)
I am going to school and you would be advised to do likely. Use the same instead of likely
I reached home in time but my father had left the home few minutes earlier. Use a few
In our country, the journey by airplane is safe and quick than by train. Use safer and quicker than that
He is sure that his all monthly expanses would exceed the income if he does not economise. Remove ‘all’ (monthly expanses contains all expanses)
Simplest solution than this complicated method should be used to solve the problem. Use A simpler instead of simplest (A + comparative + S.N + than)
In spite of the deprecation in the share prices, Raju has bought more shares of that company. Use many instead of more
The world comprises good and bad people. Use good people and bad people (because we are talking about two different people)
His performance in the act was worst than his friend. Use worse instead of worst
When my friend is in hospital I sent much fruit than his brother. Use many instead of much
The teacher declared that his coaching institute has no less than two hundred student in this ongoing session. Use no fewer instead of no less
Some people get used to changes very easily than others do. Use more than very (easily is adverb and easier is adjective so easier cannot be used)
He asked me what it was that made me so much stronger and braver than any man. Use any other man (In comparative after than we use either any other or all other)
Everyone agrees that the Ganga is the holiest of all other rivers. Use the instead of other (since, in superlative degree other is not used)

We must realize that how importance to give help to the needy whenever we have something in excess. Use important instead of importance
He always admires other for his ability to take quickly and appropriate decisions. Use quick instead of quickly

Chennai is the cleanest of all other cities in India. Remove other
Very few things in our life is as valuable as friendship. Use are instead of is
Kushi is not less more beautiful than Tanu. Remove more (double comparative is not used)
Bhagat Singh was greater than most other revolutionary in the world. Use revolutionaries instead of revolutionary
Cricket is more popular than any game today. Use any other instead of any
Not any other fruit is as delicious as the mango. Remove any
Varanasi is the most ancient cities of India. Use city instead of cities
She is one of the most beautiful girl. Use girls instead of girl
He is not the most intelligent student of all other students in the class. Remove other
Harivansh Rai was one of greatest Indian poet. Use the greatest
China is more powerful than all Asian countries. Use all other instead of all
Gold is one of the most popular metal. Use metals instead of metal